Top Ten Ranking Brian Leiter's Law School Rankings
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 ¶  Most Cited Law Professors by Specialty, 2000-2007
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Writing Essays

November 12, 2007
Corrected December 18, 2007

These listings are drawn from the same data we collected in July 2007 about citations to faculty since the year 2000 that were incorporated into the Ranking of Law Schools by Scholarly Impact released on September 1, 2007. In several cases (Bartlett, Bibas, and Horwitz) we attempted to correct for the fact that these scholars are frequently cited with different spellings of their names (that had not been corrected for in the Scholarly Impact study, but also would not have affected the overall results). We also had to conduct new searches for highly-cited faculty in some areas who do not teach at schools included in the original study. Otherwise, all results are taken directly from the July 2007 data.

In each specialty, we list the “ten most cited” faculty, or the “twenty most cited” in the event that the area is quite large. This is, quite plainly, not an exhaustive list of legal specialties. I have concentrated on those that are well-defined or especially important/prominent, and sometimes both. The 18 legal specialties covered are:

Business Law Labor & Employment Law
Civil Procedure Law & Economics
Constitutional & Public Law Law & Philosophy
Criminal Law & Procedure Law & Social Science
Critical Theories Legal Ethics/Legal Profession
Environmental Law Legal History
Evidence Tax
Intellectual Property/Cyberlaw Torts & Products Liability
International Law Wills, Trusts & Estates

In many cases, it is difficult to place a scholar in just one of these categories; some highly cited scholars whose work ranges widely are, therefore, listed in a separate category of “other highly cited scholars” who don’t work exclusively in the field in question.

“Citations” here means an article that references the scholar, not the number of references within an article. Citations are a measure of impact on legal scholarship since the database utilize was limited to legal periodicals (both student-edited law reviews and faculty-edited journals, including many interdisciplinary ones). Faculty who author a well-known treatise tend to do very well in citation counts, for obvious reasons.

The particular ordinal rank within the top ten or twenty means very little, but the lists do tend to be fairly representative of the major scholars in the field, though with obvious exceptions in almost every field (so, just by way of example, in Criminal Law: Mitchell Berman [Texas] and Stephen Morse [Penn]; in Evidence: Jennifer Mnookin [UCLA] and Alex Stein [Cardozo]; in International Law: David Golove [NYU] and Derek Jinks [Texas]; in Law and Economics: Aaron Edlin [Berkeley] and Eric Talley [Berkeley]; in Law and Philosophy: Stephen Perry [Penn] and Seana Shiffrin [UCLA]; in Law and Social Science: Phoebe Ellsworth [Michigan] and Donald Horowitz [Duke]; in Legal History: R.H. Helmholz [Chicago] and John Witt [Columbia]).

Age of faculty (by December 31, 2007) is listed as the easiest to fix proxy for amount of time in the academy. Unsurprisingly, the lists are dominated by faculty in their 50s and 60s. Faculty are listed by their expected affiliation as of 2008-09.

At the end, there is a list of schools by the percentage of faculty who make it on one of the “most cited” lists.

BUSINESS LAW
(including corporate, securities regulation, commercial law, bankruptcy, antitrust)

Because this encompasses a huge range of really quite different topics, we list here the top 20 scholars working in some aspect of this broad area.

1. John Coffee (Columbia University): 2020 citations, age 63.

2. Jonathan Macey (Yale University): 1600 citations, age 52.

3. Robert Scott (Columbia University): 1390 citations, age 63.

4. Lucian Bebchuk (Harvard University): 1140 citations, age 52.

5. Ronald J. Gilson (Columbia University, Stanford University): 1080 citations, age 61.

6. Larry Ribstein (University of Illinois): 950 citations, age 61.

7. Alan Schwartz (Yale University): 930 citations, age 67.

8. Reinier Kraakman (Harvard University): 920 citations, age 58.

8. Donald Langevoort (Georgetown University): 920 citations, age 56.

8. Roberta Romano (Yale University): 920 citations, age 55.

11. Bernard Black (University of Texas): 880 citations, age 54.

12. Douglas Baird (University of Chicago): 850 citations, age 54.

13. Mark Roe (Harvard University), 800 citations, age 56.

14. Stephen Bainbridge (University of California, Los Angeles), 770 citations, age 49.

15. Henry Hansmann (Yale University), 740 citations, age 62.

16. Lynn Stout (University of California, Los Angeles), 730 citations, age 50.

17. Lynn LoPucki (University of California, Los Angeles), 700 citations, age 63.

18. James J. White (University of Michigan), 700 citations, age 73.

19. Elizabeth Warren (Harvard University), 680 citations, age 58.

20. Jay L. Westbrook (University of Texas), 660 citations, age 64.

Runners-up: Marcel Kahan (New York University), 620 citations; James Cox (Duke University), 610 citations; Jill Fisch (Fordham University), 610 citations; William Bratton (Georgetown University), 590 citations; Robert Thompson (Vanderbilt University), 580 citations; Stephen Choi (New York University), 570 citations; David Skeel (University of Pennsylvania), 560 citations; Lisa Bernstein (University of Chicago), 540 citations; Thomas Lee Hazen (University of North Carolina), 530 citations; Jeffrey Gordon (Columbia University), 520 citations; Margaret Blair (Vanderbilt University), 510 citations; Edward Rock (University of Pennsylvania), 500 citations.

Other highly-cited scholars who don’t work exclusively in this area: Eric Posner (University of Chicago), 2020 citations; Herbert Hovenkamp (University of Iowa), 1450 citations; Melvin Eisenberg (University of California, Berkeley), 1120 citations; Geoffrey Miller (New York University), 1090 citations; Robert S. Summers (Cornell University), 660 citations.

CIVIL PROCEDURE
(excluding evidence [see below])

1. Arthur R. Miller (New York University), 1320 citations, age 73.

2. Judith Resnik (Yale University), 1060 citations, age 57.

3. David Shapiro (Harvard University), 830 citations, age 75.

4. Deborah Hensler (Stanford University), 620 citations, age 65.

5. Kevin Clermont (Cornell University), 490 citations, age 62.

6. Stephen Burbank (University of Pennsylvania), 450 citations, age 60.

6. Richard Marcus (University of California, Hastings), 450 citations, age 59.

8. Linda Mullenix (University of Texas), 420 citations, age 57.

9. Edward Cooper (University of Michigan), 380 citations, age 66.

9. William L Reynolds (University of Maryland), 380 citations, age 62.

9. Linda Silberman (New York University), 380 citations, age 63.

Runners-up: Stephen Yeazell (University of California, Los Angeles), 350 citations; Mary Kay Kane (University of California, Hastings), 320 citations; Jack Friedenthal (George Washington University), 300 citations.

Other highly-cited scholars who don’t work exclusively in this area: Geoffrey Hazard (University of California, Hastings), 1410 citations; Samuel Issacharoff (New York University), 1290 citations; Pamela Karlan (Stanford University), 970 citations; Daniel Meltzer (Harvard University), 580 citations.

CONSTITUTIONAL and PUBLIC LAW
Since this is a large category—including not only constitutional law and theory, but also legislation, statutory interpretation, voting rights, and administrative law, among other public law fields—we list the twenty most-cited scholars.

1.  Cass Sunstein (University of Chicago):  6180 citations, age 53

2.  Laurence Tribe (Harvard University):  3520 citations, age 66

3.  Erwin Chemerinsky (University of California, Irvine):  3280 citations, age 54

4.  William Eskridge (Yale University):  2810 citations, age 56

5.  Mark Tushnet (Harvard University):  2780 citations, age 62

6.  Kathleen Sullivan (Stanford University):  2660 citations, age 52

7.  Bruce Ackerman (Yale University):  2550 citations, age 64

8.  Akhil Amar (Yale University):  2470 citations, age 49

9.  Daniel Farber (University of California, Berkeley):  2410 citations, age 57

10. Richard Fallon (Harvard University):  1640 citations, age 55

10. Robert Post (Yale University):  1640 citations, age 60

12. Philip Frickey (University of California, Berkeley): 1560 citations, age 54.

13. Sanford Levinson (University of Texas): 1510 citations, age 66.

14. Owen Fiss (Yale University): 1480 citations, age 69.

15. Jack Balkin (Yale University): 1450 citations, age 50.

16. Michael Dorf (Columbia University): 1370 citations, age 43.

17. Frank Michelman (Harvard University): 1360 citations, age 71.

18. Martin Redish (Northwestern University): 1280 citations, age 62.

19. Eugene Volokh (University of California, Los Angeles): 1270 citations, age 39.

20. Larry Kramer (Stanford University): 1260 citations, age 49.

Runners-up: Richard Pildes (New York University), 1190 citations; Charles Fried (Harvard University), 1160 citations; Barry Friedman (New York University), 1050 citations; Suzanna Sherry (Vanderbilt University), 1040 citations.

Other highly-cited scholars who don’t work exclusively in this area: Richard Epstein (University of Chicago), 3390 citations; Ronald Dworkin (New York University) 3070 citations; Lawrence Lessig (Stanford University), 2500 citations; Ronald Rotunda (George Mason University), 1640 citations; Richard Delgado (University of Pittsburgh), 1560 citations; Thomas Merrill (Columbia University), 1530 citations; Samuel Issacharoff (New York University), 1290 citations; Derrick Bell (New York University), 1220 citations; Edward Rubin (Vanderbilt University), 1080 citations; Randy Barnett (Georgetown University), 1030 citations; Douglas Laycock (University of Michigan), 1030 citations; Richard Pierce (George Washington University), 1030 citations.

CRIMINAL LAW and PROCEDURE
Because this encompasses a huge range of really quite different topics (from criminal law theory, to policing policy, to constitutional criminal procedure, to federal criminal law), we list here the top 20 scholars working in some aspect of this broad area.

1. Dan Kahan (Yale University), 1070 citations, age 44.

2. Robert Weisberg (Stanford University), 1060 citations, age 61.

3. George Fletcher (Columbia University), 1040 citations, age 68.

4. William Stuntz (Harvard University), 970 citations, age 49.

5. Stephen Schulhofer (New York University), 870 citations, age 65.

6. Albert Alschuler (Northwestern University), 820 citations, age 67.

7. Michael Tonry (University of Minnesota), 810 citations, age 62.

8. Joshua Dressler (Ohio State University), 790 citations, age 60.

9. Paul Robinson (University of Pennsylvania), 770 citations, age 59.

10. James S. Liebman (Columbia University), 740 citations, age 55.

11. Christopher Slobogin (University of Florida), 680 citations, age 56.

12. Samuel Gross (University of Michigan), 650 citations, age 61.

12. Richard H. McAdams (University of Chicago): 650 citations, age 47.

14. Anthony Amsterdam (New York University), 610 citations, age 72.

15. David A. Harris (University of Pittsburgh), 590 citations, age 50.

16. Yale Kamisar (University of San Diego), 550 citations, age 78.

17. Stephen Saltzburg (George Washington University), 520 citations, age 62.

18. George C. Thomas III (Rutgers University, Newark), 520 citations, age 60.

19. Susan Bandes (DePaul University), 500 citations, age 56.

20. Carol Steiker (Harvard University), 490 citations, age 49.

Runners-up: Nancy King (Vanderbilt University), 430 citations; Orin Kerr (George Washington University), 410 citations; Stephanos Bibas (University of Pennsylvania), 400 citations; Sara Sun Beale (Duke University), 390 citations; Marc Miller (University of Arizona), 390 citations; Donald Dripps (University of San Diego), 380 citations; Jerold Israel (University of Florida), 380 citations; David Baldus (University of Iowa), 370 citations; Tracey Meares (Yale University), 370 citations; David Sklansky (University of California, Berkeley), 370 citations; Paul Butler (George Washington University), 360 citations; Stephen Garvey (Cornell University), 340 citations; Susan Klein (University of Texas), 340 citations; Bernard Harcourt (University of Chicago), 330 citations; Richard Leo (University of San Francisco), 330 cites.

Other highly-cited scholars who don’t work exclusively in this area: Larry Alexander (University of San Diego), 980 citations; Kent Greenawalt (Columbia University), 960 citations; Michael S. Moore (University of Illinois), 920 citations; Mark Kelman (Stanford University), 730 citations; Neal Katyal (Georgetown University), 670 citations; Gabriel Chin (University of Arizona), 450 citations; Ronald J. Allen (Northwestern University), 400 citations.

CRITICAL THEORIES
(including Critical Legal Studies, Critical Race Theory, and Feminist Legal Theory)

Because this encompasses a huge range of different approaches and subjects, we list here the top 20 scholars working in some aspect of this broad area.

1. Martha Minow (Harvard University), 1580 citations, age 53.

2. Richard Delgado (University of Pittsburgh), 1560 citations, age n/a (est.: 60)

3. Duncan Kennedy (Harvard University), 1290 citations, age 65.

4. Derrick Bell (New York University), 1220 citations, age 77.

5. Catharine MacKinnon (University of Michigan), 1210 citations, age 61.

6. Kimberle Crenshaw (Columbia University; Univ. of California, Los Angeles), 1030 citations, age 48.

7. Charles Lawrence (Georgetown University), 970 citations, age 64.

8. Martha Fineman (Emory University), 860 citations, age 57.

9. Mari Matsuda (Georgetown University), 830 citations, age 51.

9. Robin West (Georgetown University), 830 citations, age 53.

11. Dorothy Roberts (Northwestern University), 790 citations, age 51.

12. Angela Harris (University of California, Berkeley), 770 citations, age 46.

13. Joseph William Singer (Harvard University), 750 citations, age 53.

14. Ruth Colker (Ohio State University), 690 citations, age 51.

15. Patricia Williams (Columbia University), 630 citations, age 56.

16. Ian Haney Lopez (University of California, Berkeley), 560 citations, age 43.

17. Elizabeth Schneider (Brooklyn Law School), 550 citations, age 59.

17. Jean Stefancic (University of Pittsburgh), 550 citations, age n/a.

19. Kathryn Abrams (University of California, Berkeley), 510 citations, age 49.

20. Katharine Bartlett (Duke University), 480 citations, age 60.

20. Roberto Unger (Harvard University), 480 citations, age 60.

20. Franciso Valdes (University of Miami), 480 citations, age 53.

Runners-up: Katherine Franke (Columbia University), 470 citations; David Kairys (Temple University), 470 citations; Pierre Schlag (University of Colorado), 450 citations; Jerry Kang (Univ. of California, Los Angeles), 440 citations; Juan Perea (University of Florida), 440 citations; Neil Gotanda (Western State University), 430 citations; Devon Carbado (Univ. of California, Los Angeles), 420 citations; Cheryl Harris (Univ. of California, Los Angeles), 420 citations; Martha Chamallas (Ohio State University), 410 citations.

Other highly-cited scholars who don’t work exclusively in this area: Deborah Rhode (Stanford University), 3180 citations; Mark Tushnet (Harvard University), 2780 citations; Jack Balkin (Yale University), 1450 citations; Margaret Jane Radin (University of Michigan), 1210 citations; Judith Resnik (Yale University), 1060 citations; Carrie Menkel-Meadow (Georgetown University), 1050 citations; Lani Guinier (Harvard University), 910 citations; Kevin Johnson (University of California, Davis), 780 citations; Mark Kelman (Stanford University), 730 citations; James Boyle (Duke University), 710 citations; Richard Abel (University of California, Los Angeles), 700 citations.

ENVIRONMENTAL LAW

1. Richard Stewart (New York University): 1010 citations, age 67.

2. Carol Rose (University of Arizona): 990 citations, age 67.

3. Richard Revesz (New York University): 840 citations, age 49.

4. A. Dan Tarlock (Chicago-Kent College of Law): 630 citations, age 67.

5. Richard Lazarus (Georgetown University), 600 citations, age 53.

5. Barton Thompson (Stanford University), 600 citations, age 56.

7. Thomas McGarity (University of Texas), 580 citations, age 58.

7. Robert Percival (University of Maryland), 580 citations, age 56.

9. J.B. Ruhl (Florida State University), 560 citations, age 50.

10. Jody Freeman (Harvard University), 500 citations, age 43.

Runners-up: Oliver Houck (Tulane University), 490 citations; Lisa Heinzerling (Georgetown University), 390 citations; David Dana (Northwestern University), 370 citations; Christopher Stone (University of Southern Califiornia), 370 citations; Bradley Karkkainen (University of Minnesota), 360 citations; Holly Doremus (University of California, Davis), 350 citations; William Buzbee (Emory University), 320 citations; Jonathan Adler (Case Western Reserve University), 310 citations.

Other highly-cited scholars who don’t work exclusively in this area: Cass Sunstein (University of Chicago), 6180 citations; Daniel Farber (University of California, Berkeley), 2410 citations.

EVIDENCE

1. Edward Imwinkelried (University of California, Davis), 650 citations, age 61.

2. Margaret Berger (Brooklyn Law School), 500 citations, age 75.

3. David Faigman (University of California, Hastings), 460 citations, age 50.

4. Ronald J. Allen (Northwestern University), 400 citations, age 59.

4. Richard Friedman (University of Michigan), 400 citations, age 56.

6. Christopher Mueller (University of Colorado), 370 citations, age 64.

7. David Kaye (Arizona State University), 340 citations, age 60.

8. Laird Kirkpatrick (George Washington University), 330 citations, age 64.

9. Charles Nesson (Harvard University), 300 citations, age 68.

10. Roger Park (University of California, Hastings), 250 citations, age 65.

Runner-up: Michael Graham (University of Miami), 220 citations.

Other highly-cited scholars who don’t work exclusively in this area: David Bernstein (George Mason University), 520 citations; Richard Lempert (University of Michigan), 460 citations; Joseph Sanders (University of Houston), 380 citations.

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY/CYBERLAW

1. Mark Lemley (Stanford University):  2110 citations, age 41.

2. Robert Merges (University of California, Berkeley):  1280 citations, age 48.

3. Thomas McCarthy (University of San Francisco), 1100 citations, age 70.

4. Pamela Samuelson (University of California, Berkeley):  970 citations, age 59.

5. Jessica Litman (University of Michigan):  870 citations, age 54.

6. Dan Burk (University of Minnesota):  840 citations, age 45.

7. Jane Ginsburg (Columbia University):  840 citations, age 52.

8. Rochelle Dreyfuss (New York University):  790 citations, age 60.

8. Paul Goldstein (Stanford University):  790 citations, age 64.

10. Julie Cohen (Georgetown University):  740 citations, age 43.

Runners-up for the top ten:  Yochai Benkler (Harvard University):  730 citations; Rebecca Eisenberg (University of Michigan), 690 citations; Neil Netanel (University of California, Los Angeles), 640 citations; Wendy Gordon (Boston University), 610 citations; A. Michael Froomkin (University of Miami), 600 citations. 

Other highly-cited scholars who don’t work exclusively in this area::  Lawrence Lessig (Stanford University), 2500 citations; William Landes (University of Chicago), 1550 citations; Margaret Jane Radin (University of Michigan), 1210 citations; William W. Fisher (Harvard University), 1020 citations; James Boyle (Duke University), 710 citations.

INTERNATIONAL LAW
(both public and private)

1. Jack Goldsmith (Harvard University): 1510 citations, age 45.

2. Harold Koh (Yale University): 1470 citations, age 53.

3. Alan Sykes (Stanford University): 1120 citations, age 53.

4. Curtis Bradley (Duke University): 1070 citations, age 43.

5. Sean Murphy (George Washington University): 960 citations, age 47.

6. W. Michael Reisman (Yale University): 830 citations, age 68.

7. John Jackson (Georgetown University): 810 citations, age 75.

8. Philip Alston (New York University): 790 citations, age 57.

9. Jordan Paust (University of Houston), 680 citations, age 64.

10. Andrew Guzman (University of California, Berkeley), 620 citations, age 40.

Runners-up: Jose Alvarez (Columbia University), 590 citations; Andreas Lowenfeld (New York University), 580 citations; Steven Ratner (University of Michigan), 580 citations; Peter Spiro (Temple University), 520 citations; Laurence Helfer (Vanderbilt University), 510 citations.

Other highly-cited scholars who don’t work exclusively in this area: Eric Posner (University of Chicago), 2020 citations; John Yoo (University of California, Berkeley), 1290 citations; Anthony D’Amato (Northwestern University), 660 citations.

LABOR & EMPLOYMENT LAW
(Scholars whose primary work is in employment discrimination are not listed here, since that field intersects extensively with civil rights and public law topics.)

1. Paul Weiler (Harvard University), 610 citations, age 68.

2. Samuel Estreicher (New York University), 520 citations, age 59.

3. Stewart Schwab (Cornell University), 500 citations, age 53.

4. Katherine van Wezel Stone (University of California, Los Angeles), 490 citations, age 59.

5. Cynthia Estlund (New York University), 380 citations, age 50.

6. Catherine Fisk (University of California, Irvine), 360 citations, age 46.

7. Matthew Finkin (University of Illinois), 270 citations, age 64.

8. Michael Wachter (University of Pennsylvania), 260 citations, age 64.

9. Karl Klare (Northeastern University), 240 citations, age 60.

10. Deborah Malamud (New York University), 230 citations, age 52.1.

Runners-up: Kenneth Dau-Schmidt (Indiana University, Bloomington), 210 citations; Michael Gottesman (Georgetown University), 200 citations; Pauline Kim (Washington University, St. Louis), 190 citations; Alan Hyde (Rutgers University, Newark), 180 citations; Julius Getman (University of Texas), 160 citations; Michael Harper (Boston University), 150 citations; Steven Willborn (University of Nebraska), 150 citations.

Other highly-cited scholars who don’t work exclusively in this area: Richard Epstein (University of Chicago), 3390 citations; Christine Jolls (Yale University), 850 citations; James Brudney (Ohio State University), 380 citations.

LAW & ECONOMICS
(This is a hard category to demarcate, since most law and economics scholars work in particular substantive fields; I try to focus here on those who range most widely with economic-style analysis or who write theoretically about the field itself).

1. Richard Epstein (University of Chicago): 3390 citations, age 64.

2. Eric Posner (University of Chicago): 2020 citations, age 42.

3. Ian Ayres (Yale University): 1600 citations, age 48.

4. William Landes (University of Chicago): 1550 citations, age 68.

5. Steven Shavell (Harvard University): 1490 citations, age 61.

6. Robert Cooter (University of California, Berkeley): 1480 citations, age 62.

7. Louis Kaplow (Harvard University): 1370 citations, age 51.

8. A. Mitchell Polinsky (Stanford University): 1340 citations, age 59.

9. Thomas Ulen (University of Illinois): 990 citations, age 61.

10. George Priest (Yale University): 870 citations, age 60.

Runners-up: Christine Jolls (Yale University), 850 citations; W. Kip Viscusi (Vanderbilt University), 850 citations; Lewis Kornhauser (New York University), 750 citations; Saul Levmore (University of Chicago), 740 citations.

Other highly-cited scholars who don’t work exclusively in this area: There are too many candidates here to choose among; many of them show up under Business Law and Tax, but not only there.

LAW & PHILOSOPHY

1. Ronald Dworkin (New York University):  3070 citations, age 76

2. Martha Nussbaum (University of Chicago):  1130 citations, age 60

3. Jeremy Waldron (New York University):  1120 citations, age 54

4. Larry Alexander (University of San Diego):  980 citations, age 64

5. Michael S. Moore (University of Illinois):  920 citations, age 64

6. Joseph Raz (Columbia University):  840 citations, age 68

7. Jules Coleman (Yale University):  760 citations, age 60

8. John Finnis (University of Notre Dame):  640 citations, age 67

9. Thomas Nagel (New York University): 420 citations, age 70.

10. Brian Leiter (University of Chicago):  410 citations, age 44

Runners-up: Brian Bix (University of Minnesota), 370 citations; Jeffrie Murphy (Arizona State University), 370 citations; Charles Taylor (Northwestern University), 370 citations; Joshua Cohen (Stanford University), 300 citations.

Other highly-cited scholars who don’t work exclusively in this area: Andrew Koppelman (Northwestern University), 530; Anita Allen (University of Pennsylvania), 370 citations; Dennis Patterson (Rutgers University, Camden), 340 citations; Lawrence Solum (University of Illinois), 340 citations; Anthony Sebok (Cardozo Law School), 330 citations.

LAW & SOCIAL SCIENCE
(excluding economics)

1. Frank Cross (University of Texas): 880 citations, age 52.

2. Lee Epstein (Northwestern University): 790 citations, age 49.

3. Deborah Merritt (Ohio State University): 660 citations, age 52.

4. Michael Saks (Arizona State University): 650 citations, age 60.

5. Jeffrey Rachlinski (Cornell University): 640 citations, age 41.

6. Malcolm Feeley (University of California, Berkeley): 540 citations, age 65.

7. Michael Heise (Cornell University): 530 citations, age 47.

7. Neil Vidmar (Duke University): 530 citations, age 67.

9. Charles Sabel (Columbia University): 520 citations, age 60.

10. Richard Lempert (University of Michigan), 460 citations, age 65.

Runners-up: Martin Shapiro (University of California, Berkeley), 410 citations; John Monahan (University of Virginia), 400 citations; Shari Seidman Diamond (Northwestern University), 390 citations; Joseph Sanders (University of Houston), 380 citations; Jonathan Simon (University of California, Berkeley), 360 citations; David Wexler (University of Arizona), 360 citations; Valerie Hans (Cornell University); 340 citations; Harry Scheiber (University of California, Berkeley), 340 citations; David Garland (New York University), 330 citations; Emerson Tiller (Northwestern University), 300 citations.

Other highly-cited scholars who don’t work exclusively in this area: Theodore Eisenberg (Cornell University), 1110 citations; Carrie Menkel-Meadow (Georgetown University), 1050 citations; Russell Korobkin (University of California, Los Angeles), 940 citations; Bryant Garth (Southwestern Law School), 550 citations; Chris Guthrie (Vanderbilt University), 530 citations; Linda Hamilton Krieger (University of California, Berkeley), 530 citations; Bruce Winick (University of Miami), 520 citations; Stewart Macaulay (University of Wisconsin), 400 citations.

LEGAL ETHICS/LEGAL PROFESSION

1. Deborah Rhode (Stanford University): 3180 citations, age 55.

2. Geoffrey Hazard, Jr. (University of California, Hastings): 1410 citations, age 78.

3. David Luban (Georgetown University): 1130 citations, age 58.

4. William Simon (Columbia University), 800 citations, age 60.

5. David Wilkins (Harvard University): 730 citations, age 51.

6. Bruce Green (Fordham University): 690 citations, age 52.

7. Stephen Gillers (New York University): 650 citations, age 64.

8. Monroe Freedman (Hofstra University): 560 citations, age 79.

9. Fred Zacharias (University of San Diego): 510 citations, age 54.

10. Steven Lubet (Northwestern University): 390 citations, age 58.

Runners-up: Nancy J. Moore (Boston University): 320 citations; Theodore (Ted) Schneyer (University of Arizona), 310 citations; John Dzienkowski (University of Texas), 300 citations Russell Pearce (Fordham University), 290 citations; George M. Cohen (University of Virginia), 280 citations; Peter Margulies (Roger Williams University), 280 citations.

Other highly-cited scholars who don’t work exclusively in this area: Ronald Rotunda (George Mason University), 1640 citations; Anthony Kronman (Yale University), 1020 citations; Richard Abel (University of California, Los Angeles), 700 citations; Robert W. Gordon (Yale University), 630 citations; Richard Painter (University of Minnesota), 530 citations.

LEGAL HISTORY

1. Lawrence Friedman (Stanford University): 1890 citations, age 77.

2. Morton Horwitz (Harvard University): 1160 citations, age 69.

3. Reva Siegel (Yale University), 1030 citations, age 52.

4. John Langbein (Yale University), 1000 citations, age 66.

5. G. Edward White (University of Virginia), 900 citations, age 66.

6. Michael Klarman (University of Virginia), 870 citations, age 48.

7. William Nelson (New York University), 720 citations, age 67.

8. Robert W. Gordon (Yale University), 630 citations, age 66.

9. Paul Finkelman (Albany Law School), 600 citations, age 58.

10. A.W.B. Simpson (University of Michigan), 420 citations, age 76.

Runners-up: James W. Ely, Jr. (Vanderbilt University), 410 citations; William Forbath (University of Texas), 340 citations; Mary Dudziak (University of Southern California), 320 citations.

Other highly-cited scholars who don’t work exclusively in this area: Herbert Hovenkamp (University of Iowa), 1450 citations; Larry Kramer (Stanford University), 1260 citations; William W. Fisher (Harvard University), 1020 citations; William Treanor (Fordham University), 460 citations.

TAX

1. Michael Graetz (Yale University):  470 citations, age 63

2. Daniel Shaviro (New York University):  400 citations, age 50

3. Edward McCaffery (University of Southern California):  340 citations, age 49

4. Joseph Bankman (Stanford University):  320 citations, age 52

5. Reuven Avi-Yonah (University of Michigan):  290 citations, age 50

6. David Weisbach (University of Chicago):  280 citations, age 44

7. Edward Zelinsky (Cardozo Law School):  270 citations, age 57

8. James Strnad (Stanford University):  260 citations, age 55

9. Anne Alstott (Yale University):  240 citations, age 44

9. Lawrence Lokken (University of Florida):  240 citations, age 68

Runners-up: Robert Peroni (University of Texas), 230 citations; Marjorie Kornhauser (Arizona State University), 220 citations; Alvin Warren (Harvard University), 220 citations; Lawrence Zelenak (Duke University), 220 citations.

Other highly-cited scholars who don’t work exclusively in this area: Louis Kaplow (Harvard University), 1370 citations; Mark Gergen (University of Texas), 290 citations; Kyle Logue (University of Michigan), 250 citations.

TORTS & PRODUCTS LIABILITY

1. Dan Dobbs (University of Arizona): 1100 citations, age 75.

2. Robert L. Rabin (Stanford University): 1090 citations, age 68.

3. Stephen Sugarman (University of California, Berkeley), 530 citations, age 65.

4. James Henderson, Jr. (Cornell University), 470 citations, age 69.

5. Kenneth Abraham (University of Virginia), 450 citations, age 61.

6. Michael D. Green (Wake Forest University), 400 citations, age 57.

7. David G. Owen (University of South Carolina), 380 citations, age 62.

8. Aaron Twerski (Brooklyn Law School), 370 citations, age 68.

9. William C. Powers, Jr. (University of Texas), 330 citations, age 61.

10. John C.P. Goldberg (Vanderbilt University), 300 citations, age 46.

Runners-up: Tom Baker (University of Connecticut), 290 citations; Benjamin Zipursky (Fordham University), 260 citations; Jeffrey O’Connell (University of Virginia), 220 citations.

Other highly-cited scholars who don’t work exclusively in this area: Richard Epstein (University of Chicago), 3390 citations; W. Kip Viscusi (Vanderbilt University), 850 citations; Saul Levmore (University of Chicago), 740 citations; Jon Hanson (Harvard University), 480 citations; Keith Hylton (Boston University), 470 citations.

WILLS, TRUSTS & ESTATES

1. Adam Hirsch (Florida State University), 210 citations, age 53.

2. Stanley Johanson (University of Texas), 180 citations, age 74.

3. Joel Dobris (University of California, Davis), 160 citations, age 67.

3. Lawrence Waggoner (University of Michigan), 160 citations, age 70.

5. Jeffrey Pennell (Emory University), 150 citations, age 58

6. Melanie Leslie (Cardozo Law School), 140 citations, age 46.

7. Robert Sitkoff (Harvard University), 130 citations, age 33.

8. Frances Foster (Washington University, St. Louis), 100 citations, age 52.

8. Jeffrey Schoenblum (Vanderbilt University), 100 citations, age 59.

10. Mark Ascher (University of Texas), 90 citations, age 54.

Runner-up: Grayson McCouch (University of San Diego), 80 citations.

Other highly-cited scholars who don’t work exclusively in this area: John Langbein (Yale University), 1000 citations; Stewart Sterk (Cardozo Law School), 420 citations; Gregory S. Alexander (Cornell University), 340 citations; Mary Louise Fellows (University of Minnesota), 270 citations; T.P. Gallanis (University of Minnesota), 100 citations.

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